Iterra Peru is a travel and tourism agency which has as vocation of service planning and conducting cultural tours and adventure throughout the Peruvian territory. We walk tirelessly largely of all paths of ancient Peru, with the idea of proposing the most suitable circuit and convenient for you and all your friends. This with the idea of achieving makes you feel part of our country Peru. From the moment of our inception we were fortunate to have equipment highly specialized to meet all the expectations of our national and international traveler’s.
This best desire of iTerra Peru is that you make the trip to fill your spirit with strong emotions and never leave the impression that "I had seen, I had done or was it just that?" Always remember that a collection of photos, never give the same satisfaction of staying in places full of life as the majestic Machu Picchu or filled with wonderful cities of history, we are more than confident that all these experiences in your trip will remain in their memory for a long time.
The origins of Cusco get lost in the night of times. Archaeological excavations made us know that primitive residents inhabited the valley of Cusco (except for its bottom, then marshy) near three millenniums ago. Toward the XII century, Manco Cápac and his sister-wife Mama Ocllo emerged from the waters of the Lake Titicaca, semi Gods daughter and son of Inti (the god Sun), with the mission of the foundation of a new Kingdom that would improve the conditions of life of the towns. Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo would have to walk until finding a place in the earth where the great gold scepter that Manco Cápac had would submerge, they walked to the north and they arrived to Pacárec Tampu (Pacaritambo) where rested in a small cave; to the dawn they continued to the north arriving to the hill Huanacaure and there the scepter submerged, and there he founded the city of Cusco. Also called Qosqo and Cuzco (Quechua Language: the navel of the world)
According to documents from the mid-sixteenth century, Machu Picchu would have been one of the rest homes of Pachacutec, the ninth Inca of Tahuantinsuyo between 1438 and 1470. However, some of its best constructions and the obvious ceremonial character of the main access road to The llaqta give an account of its origin prior to Pachacutec and its presumed use as a religious sanctuary. Both uses of the palace and of the sanctuary would not have been incompatible. Even when discussing its alleged military character, so the popular descriptions of "fortress" or "citadel" could have been overcome.
Machu Picchu is considered at the same time a masterpiece of architecture and engineering. Its peculiar architectural and landscape features, and the veil of mystery that has woven around it much of the literature published on the site, have made it one of the most popular tourist destinations on the planet.
Machu Picchu has been on UNESCO's World Heritage List since 1983, as part of an entire cultural and ecological complex known under the name of the historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. On July 7, 2007 Machu Picchu was declared one of the new seven wonders of the modern world in a ceremony held in Lisbon (Portugal), with the participation of one hundred million voters worldwide.
The Inca Trail is a name that is commonly known around the world by all keen trekkers and travellers. Permits for the Inca Trail are highly sought after due to the limited number of tickets issued per day, and permit numbers dwindle very quickly in high season. There is no wonder why this is such a sought-after route to walk as this 43 kilometer trail links a number of striking archeological sites along the way.
The Inca Trail starts from Kilometer 88 in the Sacred Valley and four days later trekkers will arrive at the magnificent ancient city of Machu Picchu, originally discovered by an American professor by the name of Hiram Bingham. Along the way visitors will experience a range of terrain, microclimates and beautiful flora and fauna, typical of the Andes highlands and the impressive biodiversity of the cloud forest of the Amazon.
This trek is not for the faint of heart, passing over 4600m summits along the way. The path winds its way up and down and around the mountains upon ancient carved stone steps, snaking over three high Andean passes. One of them ominously named “Dead Woman’s Pass”. Once at the top, if you can catch your breath, you will surely be whisked away again by the truly breathtaking views of the snowcapped mountains of the Vilcanota Mountain Range.
After four days of tough trekking, and aching muscles to show for it, everything seems to melt away and the pain and endurance is all worth it. Machu Picchu is an amazing site to see in the early morning sun rise and the feeling of completing the Inca Trail is one of the most gratifying feelings in the world!
The name Salkantay is from sallqa, a Quechua word meaning wild, uncivilized, savage, or invincible, and was recorded as early as 1583. The name is thus often translated as "Savage Mountain".
Directly to the north of Salkantay lies Machu Picchu, which is at the end of a ridge that extends down from this mountain. Viewed from Machu Picchu's main sundial, the Southern Cross is above Salkantay's summit when at its highest point in the sky during the rainy season. The Incas associated this alignment with concepts of rain and fertility, and considered Salkantay to be one of the principal deities controlling weather and fertility in the region west of Cuzco.
Salkantay is a large, steep peak with great vertical relief, particularly above the low valleys to the north, which are tributaries of the Amazon River.
The standard route on the mountain is the Northeast ridge. Accessing the route typically involves three days of travel from Cusco. The climb involves about 1,800 m (5,900 ft) of vertical gain, on glacier, snow, ice, and some rock.
The Inti Raymi (Quechua for "sun festival") is a religious ceremony of the Inca Empire in honor of the god Inti (Quechua for "sun"), one of the most venerated deities in Inca religion. It was the celebration of the winter solstice - the shortest day of the year in terms of the time between sunrise and sunset and the Inca New Year. In territories south of the equator the gregorian months of June and July are winter months.
During the Inca Empire, the Inti Raymi was the most important of four ceremonies celebrated in Cusco, as related by Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. The celebration took place in the Haukaypata or the main plaza in the city.
Paucartambo "Virgen Del Carmen"
The Paucartambo Festival. Is there another festival so elaborate in its activities, so colorful in its costumes and especially masks, so local yet easily accessible, so much fun, spectacular, solemn, dramatic, and mind-blowing at the same time.
The feast of Corpus Christi has been stripped of the attributes that made it, in times past, a majestic, sumptuous, polychrome and grand event. The present is different from yesterday; For that reason for the modern people something that does not call the attention, except the tourists and studios.Entre religious celebrations that are carried out today in the Cusco, continues emphasizing the one of the Corpus Christi, for being a festival eminently of joy and collective fun . It still preserves some aspects that remind us of its greatness by participating in it, not only of a saint or image as it usually happens in other festivals, but of patron saints of the parishes that has the Cusco that by way of greeting and pleitosia pay homage to their God and Creator Personified in the Body of Christ, present in the Host. The feast of Corpus Christi is held not always on the same date every year, since it is a movable feast; But in any case this is done between the months of May or June, the Thursday 60th day after the Easter Sunday of Resurrection
The feast begins on the day of the Most Holy Trinity, when more than 10,000 pilgrims ascend to the limit of perpetual snow. Minimum temperatures are reached (-4 ° C). The road is accompanied by a procession, fireworks and the symbolic market of "the Alacitas" (miniature handicrafts fair).
They are accompanied by different dancers (chauchos, qollas, pabluchas or ukukus) that symbolize various mythical characters. The ukukus (bears) are the watchers of the Lord, as well as of Apus and apachetas (piles of stones placed by the pilgrims, as atoned sins), and those who maintain the discipline during the liturgical acts. A group of strong Queros, settlers of the one that perhaps is the purest Quechua community of Peru, disguised as "pabluchas", goes towards the peaks of the snowy (6.362 msnm) in search of the Star of the Snow that is locked in its bowels. Upon returning to their communities, these strong settlers carry on their backs large blocks of ice to symbolically water their lands with the sacred water of the Ausangate.